In November 1918, the War ended. The British were already in military control of Palestine, and now the Allies faced the need to decide what should happen to the territories formerly under enemy control.
France had its eyes on Syria, and Britain wanted control of Palestine, for various strategic reasons. This would also put it in a good position to promote the aims of the Zionists, as Balfour had
promised. But before any of these aims could be achieved, there had to be a formal peace agreement with the former enemies, including Turkey. During the Peace talks Britain manoeuvred to make sure that any agreement over Palestine included special rights for the Jews of the world to go and live in the country.